Location: in northern Egypt, 165 kilometers (100 mi) south of the Mediterranean Sea and 120 kilometers (75 mi) west of the Gulf of Suez and Suez Canal
History: Cairo, which means the Triumphant, is the capital and largest city of Egypt. It is on the heart of Egyptand it is the Arab World's largest and Africa's most populous city. While Al-Qahirah is the official name of the city, in Egyptian Arabic it is called by the dialect's name for the country, Masr. (Egypt's first Arab capital, Fustat, was known as Misr al-Fustat, "City of the Tents".)Cairo was founded by the Fatimid caliphs as a royal enclosure. It replaced Fustat as the seat of the government. It later came under the Mamluks, was ruled by the Ottomans 1517 to 1798, and briefly occupied by Napoleon. Muhammad Ali of Egypt made Cairo the capital of his independent empire from 1805 to 1882, after which the British took control of it until Egypt attained independence in 1922. Cairo is the sixteenth most populous metropolitan area in the world. It is also the most populous metropolitan area in Africa. It is nicknamed "The City of A Thousand Minarets". It is near the site of the first capital of unified Egypt, Memphis. Cairo is a vibrant, exhilarating, exotic, fascinating and welcoming city. Home to the best Pharaonic, Coptic and Islamic sights in Egypt, this city is where you never know what incredible, half-forgotten monument you might stumble across while wandering around. Enjoy the Nile view from your hotel room balcony, visit the capital's medieval markets by Khan El-Khalili, or walk down the Nile promenade. There are also plenty of cinemas, theatres and modern malls. Go for an opera or enjoy oriental music dance shows. Good for short breaks and long stays; you’ll get to see the Giza Pyramids, thousands of ancient artifacts in the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities and much more
Transportation: (Cairo International Airport-Ramses Railway Station-Cairo Tram-Cairo Transportation Authority CTA-Cairo Taxi/Yellow Cab-Cairo Metro -Cairo Nile Ferry)Transportation in Cairo comprises an extensive road network, rail system, subway system, and maritime services. Road transport is facilitated by personal vehicles, taxi cabs, privately owned public buses, and Cairo microbuses. Cairo, specifically Ramses Square, is the centre of almost the entire Egyptian transportation network. The subway system, officially called "Metro", is a fast and efficient way of getting around Cairo. It can get very crowded during rush hour. Two train cars (the fourth and fifth ones) are reserved for women only, although women may ride in any car they want. An extensive road network connects Cairo with other Egyptian cities and villages. There is a new Ring Road that surrounds the outskirts of the city, with exits that reach outer Cairo districts. There are flyovers and bridges, such as the Sixth of October bridge that, when the traffic is not heavy.
The Climate:It is moderate and low in humidity at almost any time of the year, except for some specific times in summer.
Cairo International Airport
The Cairo Metro
Ramses Railway Station
Cairo Taxi/Yellow Cab
Cairo Nile Ferry
Ain Shams Specialized Hospital
Dar Al Fouad Hospital
Dar el Oyoun Hospital
New Kasr El Aini Hospital
Ain Shams University
Al Azhar University
American University in Cairo
British University in Egypt
Cairo shopping centres: Shopping centers in and around Cairo appeal to most visitors. Egyptian products are so varied and meet various tastes and different levels of income. These centers or souks (markets) provide quality which rivals International standards.
Intercontinental Cairo Semiramis
Cairo Marriott Hotel & Omar Khayyam Casino
Novotel Cairo Airport
Sofitel Cairo El Gezirah
Sheraton Cairo Hotel, Towers & Casino
Cairo Ramses Hilton, Cairo, Egypt
InterContinental Cairo City stars
Four Seasons Hotel Cairo at First Residence
The Egyptian Museum.
Khan el khalili and el azahar mosque
The Hanging Church
Museum of Islamic Ceramics.
Abdeen Palace Museum Complex