Address: Alexandria Port Authority, 106 Horreya st, Alexandria, Egypt.
Port Description: The Port of Alexandria is on the West Verge of the Nile Delta between the Mediterranean Sea and Mariut Lake in Alexandria, Egypt. Considered the second most important city and the main port in Egypt, it handles over three quarters of Egypt foreign trade. Alexandria port consists of two harbors (East and west) separated by a T-shaped peninsula. The East harbour is shallow and is not navigable by large vessels. The West harbour is used for commercial shipping. The harbour is formed by two converging breakwaters.
Ancient times: Alexandria Port is one of the oldest ports of the world. The earliest port facilities were built in 1900 BC in the then-village of Rhakotis, to service coastal shipping and supply the island of Pharos (now Ras al-Teen). Over the centuries sand and silt deposits made the port unnavigable. It was cleared by forces under the command of Alexander the Great in 331 BC as part of the construction of Alexandria city to be the marine base for his fleet. Alexander's engineer Dinocrat linked the port of Alexandria and the island of Pharos with a bridge 1200 meters long and 200 meters wide, creating two harbour basins for commercial and military shipping. The northeast basin (currently the Eastern harbour) was designed for military vessels and the southwest basin (currently the main port of Alexandria) was for commercial use. In the Ptolemy era a second bridge was built to Pharos, further dividing the eastern harbour into two separate inlets.
Modern era: At the end of Muhammad Ali of Egypt's era (the builder of modern Egypt 1810-1849) the shipyard was built and "al-Mahmoudia Canal" was dug. President Hosni Mubarak also embarked on a major port expansion focused on eliminating shipping bottlenecks at the various harbour mouths. The Port of Dekheila was constructed as a natural extension of the port of Alexandria in 1986 to keep pace with the evolution of the movement of ships, means of shipping and unloading and containerization.
The area of the port measures 2300 meters long and 300 meters wide with docks of varying depths and more than one entrance. The 2 ports are located eastwards of Alexandria and is called the Eastern Port and the other is westward of Alexandria and is called the Western Port with a t-shaped peninsula separating them. Unlike the Eastern port, the western port is used for actual navigation and thus it is called Alexandria Port
The port is divided into several zones:
First Zone: Used for general cargo handling.
Second Zone: Deals with four types of activities: unified cargoes including a Ro Ro and passenger terminal, stuffed bulk cargoes, and barge discharge.
Third Zone: Used for handling general cargo and barge discharge.
Fourth Zone: Used for handling containers, cement, coal, barge discharge, fertilizers, and general cargo.
Fifth Zone: Used for handling: molasses, timber, some types of general cargoes, barge discharge, grains and flour.
Sixth Zone (Oil Dock): Situated at the western boundaries of the port, is used for handling edible oil, oil products and for providing bunkers. It also includes berths used for handling livestock. The port does not include oil storage facilities, but oil berths are connected to a refinery through a 2 km long pipeline.
2-Port Said port
Address: Port Said Port Authority, Mustafa Kamel & Azmy st., Railway square, Port Said, Egypt.
Port Description: The Port of Port Said is the 28th-busiest seaport for container transport, the second-busiest in the Arab world (narrowly behind the port of Shalala in Oman), and the busiest container seaport in Egypt, with 3,470 TEU transported in 2009 It is divided into:
East Port Said Port: The port is bordered, seaward, by an imaginary line from the western breakwater boundary till the eastern breakwater end. And from the Suez Canal area, it is bordered by an imaginary line extending transversely from the southern bank of the Canal connected to Manzala Lake, and the railways arcade livestock.
Length: 8 km (5 mi)
Depth: 13.72 m (45.01 ft)
East Verge Channel
Length: 19.5 km (12 mi)
Depth: 18.29 m (60.01 ft)
The Approach Area
Waterways: 459 feet wide and 12.5 to 13 meters deep.
Water breaks: The Suez Canal entrance leading to the port is protected by two water breaks. The eastern water break is approximately 3.5 miles long while the Western is approximately 1.5 miles long.
Dwelling Area : The Suez Canal dwelling area is situated between latitudes 31° 21' N and 31° 25' N and longitudes 32° 16.2°' E and 32° 20.6' E. where vessels awaiting to accede Port Said port stay whether to join the North convoy to transit the Suez Canal to carry out stevedoring operations or to be supplied with provisions and bunkers. The dwelling area is divided into two sections: The Northern Area is allocated for vessels with deep drafts. The Southern Area is for all vessel types.
Address: Director of Suez Port - Bor Tawfik POB 1
Port Description: The Suez Port is an Egyptian port located at the southern boundary of Suez Canal approximately 170 km south of Port Said.. It is bordered by the imaginary line extending from Ras-El-Adabieh to Moussa sources including the North Coast until the entrance of Suez Canal.
Latitude: 57° 29' N Longitude: 33° 32' E
Approach area: Ships usually berth in the waiting area. The channel has been shoveled at port El Sakhra El Gadida and coastal pier at relevant depth 11.28 m. Ships, whose draft exceeds 11.28m, can enter the port during the tide only on condition that the draft does not exceed 12.19m
Ibrahim Dock: bordered by an imaginary line extending between the two breakwaters.
Petroleum Dock: bordered by an imaginary line extending 140 degrees from the extremity of the eastern breakwater until the western breakwater.
Ataka Port: borders are limited by the port breakwaters.
The waters outside the boundaries of Ibrahim Dock, Petroleum Dock, Ataka Port, Adabiya Port and New Petroleum berth are within the Suez Canal jurisdiction.
Port Description: It is the port of 21st century. It is considered one of the recent ports that were established by B.O.T system. It is managed via logistic centers. It is regarded as one of the huge national projects. It is also the result of planning, regular executing for an important phase concerning the position of Egypt on the map. It is considered the first comprehensive and multipurpose hub port. It comes under what is called "Third Generation ports" to serve export and import operations of general cargo, bulk and container handling. It is also equipped with ultimate technology.
Location of the port: It is located on the western coast of Suez gulf, on a distance 22.3 km2 and away from Suez city 43 km.
Navigation: Currently there are two main berths with excellent fender age, each 750 meters with a cross quay / turning area of 350 meters. The port can facilitate container vessels of over 8.000 TEU and bulk carriers of up to 150.000 dwt. There is no berth congestion, however container vessels have priority. Other vessels will be served on a first arrival basis.
Berths: The present facilities include a container terminal, a fertilizer terminal, a general cargo/Ro-Ro terminal and a bulk terminal. Currently there are two main berths with excellent fender age, each 750 meters with a cross quay / turning area of 350 meters. The port can facilitate container vessels of over 8.000 TEU and bulk carriers of up to 150.000 dwt. The port has four quay cranes currently used for general cargo and containers. 2 Gottwald and 2 Nelcon of approximately 100 tones lifting capacity each. There is no berth congestion, however container vessels have priority. Other vessels will be served on a first arrival basis.
Address: Port Authority of Damietta, PO Box 13, Damietta 34511 Egypt
Port Description: The port of Damietta is about 8.5 km to the west of Damietta branch of River Nile in the Mediterranean Sea to the west of Ras El Bar; it is at the distance of 70 km to the west of Port Said Port. The construction covers an area of 25 km.
Canal entrance: The canal is 11.3 km long and 300 m wide , this gradually decreases until it reaches 250 m at water break and 15 m depth. The canal is surrounded by 18 buoys which are lit at night, odd numbers on the right and even numbers on the left, There is an external waiting area.
Water Break: The western water break is 1640 m long, 140 m are in land and 1500 m in the sea. The Eastern water break is 738 long, 200 in land and 538 m in the sea. The water breaks are protected from the external side the industrial acrid bocks and they are topped by a cement layer.
Barge channel: It consists of two ports one is 1350 m that links the barges dock to the sea and other is 3750 m that links to the dock to the Nile branch.
The area of the barge dock is 250 x 250 m and it is equipped with a berth of 250 m long where water depth is 5 m deep.
Diameter of the rotation dock is 500 m and its depth is 14.5 m in front of the containers broth and 12 m in front the general cargo berths
Port dimension: An imaginary line links between the two ends of the external eastern and western break waters
Port Description: Hurghada Port is located at the west coast of the Red Sea near the intolerance of Suez Bay, 370 Km South Suez City (33" 50' W, 37" 13.5 E)
The importance of this port comes from its special location providing tourism & transportation services since the port's main activity is the transportation of passengers & tourists.
The following are the regular line routings-taking place in this port:
Hurghada / Doba (KAS)
Hurghada / Sharm El sheikh / Elate
Hurghada / Safaga / Sharm El sheikh.
In addition to vessels & yachts which call at the port regularly.
Services & facilities:
150 M length Terminal with a draft of 12 Meters Length
The southern Terminal which is a wooden Terminal Support by steel bars, and used for berthing of fishing boats and some Touristic Activities.
The Northern Terminal Which is wooden Terminal also as a " T'' Shape.
Storage Yards: the port has storage yards of more than 2000 square Meters.
Ship supply: fuel bunkering and fresh water supply using port's barges.
Future development: The Red Sea Ports authority is planning to develop all their port, among them Hurgada, including the development of all the port terminals and the establishment of a Marina for visiting yachts and passenger vessels.
7-Sharm El sheikh Port
Address: Sharm El-Sheikh Port, South Sinai
Location: Sharm El-Sheikh port is 360 km. distanced from Suez Governorate, and 490 km. from Cairo. It is located on top of the triangle of Sinai Peninsula, at the confluent of Suez and Aqaba bays at South Sinai Governorate Port Specifications.
Total Port Area 183500 sq. m.
Total Area opposing yacht berth 3500sq.m.
Total Yards Area 48000 sq. m.
Pilotage is compulsory. Pilots aboard vessels at the inner edge of the entrance channel. The port provides VHF and radar controlled pilotage.
Water & fuel bunkering: Water and fuel supplies are provided through tubes linked to berths and harbors.
Repair & rescue services: The port does not provide such services. Therefore specialized personnel are sent from Suez or western ports Ras-Ghareb , Wadi-Feran , Ras-Badran
General information: Land surface 161990 m2 - 100000 passengers annually
Rescue services: Tug of 1800 hp is equipped with fire engines of 400 tons per hour to perform tugging operations and fire fighting.
Address: Safaga Port, the Red Sea
Location: Safaga port is located at the Red Sea Governorate on the western coast of the Red Sea. It consists of a broad bay naturally protected from east and north by Safaga Island, and sheltered by mountains from western prevailing winds. Yet, for a brief interval, south winds cause some difficulties. The port drafts are deep, thus enabling the accommodation of large vessels.
Weather Prevailing winds are North and North West.
Water Density 1,04 gm./ cm2
Raining Season Winter
Tidal range and flow 2.1 springs – 1.2 m. neaps
Total Port Area 396320 sq. m.
Land Area: 455000 sq. m.
Total Warehouses Area 6440 sq. m.
Total Yards Area 34300 sq. m
Approach Area: Vessels should approach the northern boundary of the island at sunrise and at Safaga Port early in the morning. A lighthouse, clearly viewed at the distance of 1.6 km. is built on the southern cape of the island. Ship masters should turn around the cape, and keep 925 m. distanced from the obviously observed coral reefs.
Pilot age: Pilot age is compulsory. Pilots aboard vessels at the inner edge of the entrance channel. The port provides VHF and radar controlled pilot age.
Tugging: Tugging Charges 275 US$ / hour for foreign vessels, and 175 L.E. / hour for Egyptian vessels, at least 3 hours
Address: Nuweiba Port, South Sinai
Location: Nuweiba port is located on the western coast of Aqaba bay, approx. 168 km. North of Sharm El-Sheikh, and 64 km. south of Taba.
Weather Prevailing winds are North and Northwest
Water Density 1,04 gm./ cm2
Raining Season Winter
Tidal range and flow 2.3 m.springs–1.3 m.neaps
Total Port Area 365700 sq. m.
Total Warehouses Area 2200 sq. m.
Land Area 340875 sq. m.
Total Yards Area 66386 sq. m.
Pilotage: The port provides VHF and radar controlled pilotage.
Pilotage equipment 1 tug with 900 hp and maximum towing force 22 tons.
Tugging: 2 tugs with a capacity of 2x1200 hp